When and why do individuals craft their jobs? The role of individual motivation and work characteristics for job crafting

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Niessen C, Weseler D, Kostova P
Zeitschrift: Human Relations
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2016
Heftnummer: 69
Seitenbereich: 1287-1313
ISSN: 1741-282X


Abstract


As a proactive behavior, job crafting refers to changes in the task (cognitive, and behavioral) and social boundaries at work. This article focuses on antecedents of job crafting and the development and validation of a job crafting scale. In Study 1 (N = 466), an exploratory factor analysis with one half of the sample (n = 233) and a confirmatory factor analysis with the other half (n = 233) supported a three-dimensional structure of job crafting (task crafting, relational crafting and cognitive crafting), and convergent as well as discriminant validity of job crafting, in relation to personal initiative and organizational citizenship behavior. In Study 2 (N = 118, two points of measurement), we cross-validated the measure and demonstrated that job crafting was related to, yet distinct from, taking charge. We found that an increase in job crafting at Time 2 was predicted by need for positive self-image (Time 1), as well as by work experience (Time 1). Need for human connection (Time 1) was related to job crafting at Time 2 when self-efficacy was high. Moreover, there was evidence that job crafting as self-oriented behavior related positively to person–job fit. Implications for future research are discussed.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Niessen, Cornelia Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Psychologie im Arbeitsleben
Weseler, Daniela
Lehrstuhl für Psychologie im Arbeitsleben


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Universität Konstanz


Forschungsbereiche

Adaptives Verhalten im Kontext von Veränderungen bei der Arbeit
Lehrstuhl für Psychologie im Arbeitsleben


Zitierweisen

APA:
Niessen, C., Weseler, D., & Kostova, P. (2016). When and why do individuals craft their jobs? The role of individual motivation and work characteristics for job crafting. Human Relations, 69, 1287-1313. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018726715610642

MLA:
Niessen, Cornelia, Daniela Weseler, and Petya Kostova. "When and why do individuals craft their jobs? The role of individual motivation and work characteristics for job crafting." Human Relations 69 (2016): 1287-1313.

BibTeX: 

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-11-08 um 02:46