Different corrosion behaviour of autoclaves made of nickel base alloy 718 in ammonobasic and ammonoacidic environments

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Steigerwald T, Hertweck B, Alt N, Schlücker E
Journal: Journal of Supercritical Fluids
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2014
Volume: 95
Pages range: 158-166
ISSN: 0896-8446


Abstract


The ammonothermal process is a promising technique for cost-effective growth of nitride based bulk-semiconductors. Degeneration of growth reactors made of a NiFeCr alloy is a limiting factor of the growth process. Corrosion is initiated by supercritical ammonia and acidic as well as basic mineralizer up to 600 °C and 300 MPa. We investigated the corrosion processes with microscopic (optical and scanning electron microscopy) and spectroscopic (energy dispersive X-ray and auger electron spectroscopy) methods. It showed that ammonobasic environments lead to the formation of a nitrited layer. Composition and thickness changes depending on the number of loads. The corrosion layer does not reach a steady state and therefore degenerates as consequence of cyclic ammonothermal loads. For ammonoacidic conditions on the other hand significant general corrosion occurred which is connected to the dissolution of the metal phase in the supercritical. Moreover, a high tendency to stress corrosion cracking was observed.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Alt, Nicolas Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Prozessmaschinen und Anlagentechnik
Hertweck, Benjamin
Lehrstuhl für Prozessmaschinen und Anlagentechnik
Schlücker, Eberhard Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Prozessmaschinen und Anlagentechnik
Steigerwald, Thomas
Lehrstuhl für Prozessmaschinen und Anlagentechnik


How to cite

APA:
Steigerwald, T., Hertweck, B., Alt, N., & Schlücker, E. (2014). Different corrosion behaviour of autoclaves made of nickel base alloy 718 in ammonobasic and ammonoacidic environments. Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 95, 158-166. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.supflu.2014.08.006

MLA:
Steigerwald, Thomas, et al. "Different corrosion behaviour of autoclaves made of nickel base alloy 718 in ammonobasic and ammonoacidic environments." Journal of Supercritical Fluids 95 (2014): 158-166.

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Last updated on 2018-19-04 at 04:01