The dual impact of gender and the influence of timing of parenthood on men’s and women’s career development: Longitudinal findings.

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Abele A, Spurk D
Journal: International journal of behavioral development
Publisher: SAGE Publications (UK and US)
Publication year: 2011
Volume: 35
Journal issue: 3
Pages range: 225-232
ISSN: 0165-0254
Language: English


Abstract


This study investigated the impact of gender, the gender-related self-concept (agency and communion), and the timing of parenthood on objective career success of 1,015 highly educated professionals. Hypotheses derived from a dual-impact model of gender and career-related processes were tested in a 5-wave longitudinal study over a time span of 10 years starting with participants’ career entry. In line with our hypotheses we found that the communal component of the gender self-concept had an impact on parenthood, and the agentic component influenced work hours and objective career success (salary, status) of both women and men. Parenthood had a negative direct influence on women’s work hours and a negative indirect influence on women’s objective career success. Women who had their first child around career entry were relatively least successful over the observation period. Men’s career success was independent of parenthood. Sixty-five percent of variance in women’s career success and 33% of variance in men’s career success was explained by the factors analyzed here. Mothers with partners working full time reduced their work hours more than mothers with partners not working full time. A test for a possible reverse influence of career success on the decision to become a parent revealed no effect for men and equivocal effects for women. We conclude that the transition to parenthood still is a crucial factor for women’s career development both from an external gender perspective (expectations, gender roles) and from an internal perspective (gender-related self-concept). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Spurk, Daniel Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Sozialpsychologie mit Schwerpunkt Gender und Diversity


How to cite

APA:
Abele, A., & Spurk, D. (2011). The dual impact of gender and the influence of timing of parenthood on men’s and women’s career development: Longitudinal findings. International journal of behavioral development, 35(3), 225-232. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0165025411398181

MLA:
Abele, A.E., and Daniel Spurk. "The dual impact of gender and the influence of timing of parenthood on men’s and women’s career development: Longitudinal findings." International journal of behavioral development 35.3 (2011): 225-232.

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Last updated on 2018-16-06 at 08:10