Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)(4) solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors

Conference contribution


Publication Details

Author(s): Lechner R, Jost S, Palm J, Gowtham M, Sorin F, Louis B, Yoo HS, Wibowo RA, Hock R
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Publication year: 2013
Volume: 535
Pages range: 5-9
ISSN: 0040-6090


Abstract


In this contribution we report on the development of a two-step process for the formation of Cu2ZnSn(S, Se)(4) thin films for solar cells. The two-step formation process of the pentanary kesterite consists of (i) sputter deposition of the metals Cu, Zn and Sn followed by thermal evaporation of chalcogen and (ii) rapid thermal processing of the metal/ chalcogen precursors in chalcogen containing ambient. After the absorber formation process, solar cells were processed by deposition of CdS buffer, window layer and metal grid. We evaluated different metal precursor compositions in the ternary Cu-Zn-Sn metal systems regarding their behavior as appropriate precursors for the crystallization of Cu2ZnSn(S, Se)(4) absorbers. X-ray diffraction analyses show the presence of secondary chalcogenide phases in absorbers with Cu-poor composition. In combination with Raman spectroscopy, the efficient sulfoselenization could be demonstrated. A broad compositional region is found giving cell efficiencies above 6% via this process route and the potentials for further improvements are discussed. The best solar cell measured so far reached 6.6% efficiency on 1.34 cm(2) cell size. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Hock, Rainer Prof. Dr.
Professur für Kristallographie und Strukturphysik
Yoo, Hye Sun
Professur für Kristallographie und Strukturphysik


External institutions with authors

AVANCIS GmbH
St Gobain Sarl
Unité mixte de recherche St. Gobain (CNRS UMR 125)


How to cite

APA:
Lechner, R., Jost, S., Palm, J., Gowtham, M., Sorin, F., Louis, B.,... Hock, R. (2013). Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)(4) solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors. (pp. 5-9). ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA.

MLA:
Lechner, R., et al. "Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)(4) solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors." ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, 2013. 5-9.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-18-07 at 07:28