Urinary concentrations of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides in residents of a vegetarian community

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Berman T, Göen T, Novack L, Beacher L, Grinshpan L, Segev D, Tordjman K
Zeitschrift: Environment International
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2016
Band: 96
Seitenbereich: 34-40
ISSN: 0160-4120


Abstract


Few population studies have measured urinary levels of pesticides in individuals with vegan, vegetarian, or organic diets. The objectives of this study were to evaluate whether a vegan/vegetarian diet was associated with increased exposure to organophosphate and carbamate pesticides, and to evaluate the impact of organic consumption on pesticide exposure in vegans and vegetarians. In the current pilot study conducted in 2013-2014, we collected spot urine samples and detailed 24h recall dietary data in 42 adult residents of Amirim, a vegetarian community in Northern Israel. We measured urinary levels of non-specific organophosphate pesticide metabolites (dialkylphosphates, (DAPs)) and specific metabolites of the current-use pesticides chlorpyrifos (3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCPy)), propoxur (-isopropoxyphenol (IPPX)), and carbaryl (1-naphthol). Six DAP metabolites were detected in between 67 and 100% of urine samples, with highest geometric mean concentrations for dimethylphosphate (19.2?g/g). Creatinine-adjusted median concentrations of total DAPs and of TCPy were significantly higher in Amirim residents compared to the general Jewish population in Israel (0.29?mol/g compared to 0.16, p<0.05 for DAPs and 4.32?g/g compared to 2.34?g/g, p<0.05 for TCPy). Within Amirim residents, we observed a positive association between vegetable intake and urinary TCPy levels (rho=0.47, p<0.05) and lower median total dimethyl phosphate levels in individuals reporting that >25% of the produce they consume is organic (0.065?mol/L compared to 0.22, p<0.05). Results from this pilot study indicate relatively high levels of urinary organophosphate pesticide metabolite concentrations in residents of a vegetarian community, a positive association between vegetable intake and urinary levels of a chlorpyrifos specific metabolite, and lower levels of total dimethyl phosphate in individuals reporting higher intake of organic produce. Results suggest that consumption of organic produce may offer some protection from increased exposure to organophosphate pesticide residues in vegetarians.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Göen, Thomas Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Arbeits- und Sozialmedizin


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) / אוניברסיטת בן-גוריון בנגב
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Ministry of Health, State of Israel
ORT Braude Academic College of Engineering / המִכְלָלָה האָקָדֶמִית להַנְדָּסָה אורט בראודה
Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center / Ichilov Hospital


Zitierweisen

APA:
Berman, T., Göen, T., Novack, L., Beacher, L., Grinshpan, L., Segev, D., & Tordjman, K. (2016). Urinary concentrations of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides in residents of a vegetarian community. Environment International, 96, 34-40. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.08.027

MLA:
Berman, T., et al. "Urinary concentrations of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides in residents of a vegetarian community." Environment International 96 (2016): 34-40.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-05-10 um 07:21