Ciguatera fish poisoning: a first epidemic in Germany highlights an increasing risk for European countries

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Mattei C, Vetter I, Eisenblätter A, Krock B, Ebbecke M, Desel H, Zimmermann K
Journal: Toxicon
Publication year: 2014
Volume: 91
Pages range: 76-83
ISSN: 0041-0101


Abstract

Toxin-producing microalgae are thriving worldwide due to coral reef destruction and global warming with major consequences on ecosystems, international trade and human health. Microalgae belonging to the family of flagellate protists, in particular dinoflagellates, secrete a variety of high-molecular-weight polyether toxins that accumulate through the marine food chain to cause disease in humans by acting as sodium channel activator toxins; ciguatera is the most frequent seafood-borne illness worldwide with 50,000 to 500,000 global incidences per annum and is usually limited to endemic areas located between 35° northern and 35° southern latitude. The rising global incidence frequency renders it a major human health problem, because no curative treatment is available yet and reliable detection assays are lacking. During the last decade ciguatera has increasingly become endemic in previously unaffected areas for two reasons: first global warming has contributed to the emergence of dinoflagellate species in subtropical and even temperate regions that previously had been constrained to tropical areas and second: in Europe globalization of fishing industry and tourism has led to a progressive increase in the number of ciguatera cases and a lack of awareness among medical personnel contributes to under-reporting. We review, through a recent ciguatera outbreak in Germany, the risk for ciguatera poisoning in Europe and highlight characteristic symptoms, current knowledge about disease pathomechanisms and treatment options.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Schöniger, Anneka
Radiologisches Institut
Zimmermann, Katharina Prof. Dr. med.
Heisenbergprofessur für Experimentelle Schmerzforschung


External institutions with authors

Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung (AWI)
Universitätsklinikum Göttingen
Université d'Angers
University of Queensland


How to cite

APA:
Mattei, C., Vetter, I., Eisenblätter, A., Krock, B., Ebbecke, M., Desel, H., & Zimmermann, K. (2014). Ciguatera fish poisoning: a first epidemic in Germany highlights an increasing risk for European countries. Toxicon, 91, 76-83. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2014.10.016

MLA:
Mattei, Cesar, et al. "Ciguatera fish poisoning: a first epidemic in Germany highlights an increasing risk for European countries." Toxicon 91 (2014): 76-83.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-05-10 at 02:32

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