Effects of Gene × Attachment Interaction on Adolescents’ Emotion Regulation and Aggressive Hostile Behavior Towards their Mothers during a Computer Game

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Zimmermann P, Spangler G
Journal: Frontiers in human neuroscience
Publication year: 2016
Volume: 10
Pages range: 254
ISSN: 1662-5161


Abstract

Adolescence is a time of increased emotionality and major changes in emotion regulation often elicited in autonomy-relevant situations. Both genetic as well as social factors may lead to inter-individual differences in emotional processes in adolescence. We investigated whether both 5-HTTLPR and attachment security influence adolescents' observed emotionality, emotional dysregulation, and their aggressive hostile autonomy while interacting with their mothers. Eighty-eight adolescents at age 12 were observed in interaction with their mothers during a standardized, emotion eliciting computer game task. They were genotyped for the 5-HTTLPR, a repeat polymorphism in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene. Concurrent attachment quality was assessed by the Late Childhood Attachment Interview (LCAI). Results revealed a significant gene × attachment effect showing that ss/sl carriers of 5-HTTLPR show increased emotional dysregulation and aggressive hostile autonomy towards their mothers. The results of the study suggest that secure attachment in adolescence moderates the genetically based higher tendency for emotional dysregulation and aggressive reactions to restrictions of autonomy during emotional social interactions with their mothers.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Spangler, Gottfried Prof. Dr. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie


Research Fields

Bindungsetnwicklung und sozial-emotionale Entwicklung im normalen und im Risikokontext
Lehrstuhl für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie


How to cite

APA:
Zimmermann, P., & Spangler, G. (2016). Effects of Gene × Attachment Interaction on Adolescents’ Emotion Regulation and Aggressive Hostile Behavior Towards their Mothers during a Computer Game. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 10, 254. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2016.00254

MLA:
Zimmermann, Peter, and Gottfried Spangler. "Effects of Gene × Attachment Interaction on Adolescents’ Emotion Regulation and Aggressive Hostile Behavior Towards their Mothers during a Computer Game." Frontiers in human neuroscience 10 (2016): 254.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-30-01 at 14:08