Fundamental Insights into the Reductive Covalent Cross-Linking of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Schirowski M, Abellan Saez G, Nuin Pla NE, Pampel J, Dolle C, Wedler V, Fellinger TP, Spiecker E, Hauke F, Hirsch A
Journal: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Publication year: 2018
ISSN: 0002-7863
Language: English


Abstract


Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) have been covalently cross-linked via a reductive functionalization pathway, utilizing negatively charged carbon nanotubides (KC4). We have compared the use of difunctional linkers acting as molecular pillars between the nanotubes, namely p-diiodobenzene, p-diiodobiphenyl as well as benzene-4,4’-bis(diazonium) and 1,1’-biphenyl-4,4’-bis(diazonium) salts as electrophiles. We have employed statistical Raman spectroscopy (SRS), a forefront characterization tool consisting of thermogravimetric analysis coupled with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (TG-GC-MS), and aberration-corrected high resolution transmission electron microscopy image series at 80kV to unambiguously demonstrate the covalent binding of the molecular linkers. The present study shows that the SWCNT functionalization using iodide derivatives leads to the best results in terms of bulk functionalization homogeneity (Hbulk) and degree of addition. Phenylene linkers yield the highest degree of functionalization, whereas biphenylene units induce a higher surface area with an increase in the thermal stability and an improved electrochemical performance in the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). This work illustrates the importance of molecular engineering in the design of novel functional materials and provides important insights into the understanding of basic principles of reductive cross-linking of carbon nanotubes.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Abellan Saez, Gonzalo Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Organische Chemie II
Dolle, Christian
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Mikro- und Nanostrukturforschung)
Hauke, Frank Dr.
Zentralinstitut für Neue Materialien und Prozesstechnik
Hirsch, Andreas Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Organische Chemie II
Nuin Pla, Neus Edurne Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Organische Chemie II
Schirowski, Milan
Lehrstuhl für Organische Chemie II
Spiecker, Erdmann Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Mikro- und Nanostrukturforschung)


Additional Organisation
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Mikro- und Nanostrukturforschung)
Interdisziplinäres Zentrum, Center for Nanoanalysis and Electron Microscopy (CENEM)


How to cite

APA:
Schirowski, M., Abellan Saez, G., Nuin Pla, N.E., Pampel, J., Dolle, C., Wedler, V.,... Hirsch, A. (2018). Fundamental Insights into the Reductive Covalent Cross-Linking of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. Journal of the American Chemical Society. https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b12910

MLA:
Schirowski, Milan, et al. "Fundamental Insights into the Reductive Covalent Cross-Linking of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes." Journal of the American Chemical Society (2018).

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-27-05 at 17:00