Quantum imaging with incoherently scattered light from a free-electron laser

Journal article

Publication Details

Author(s): Schneider R, Mehringer T, Mercurio G, Wenthaus L, Classen A, Brenner G, Gorobtsov O, Benz A, Bhatti D, Bocklage L, Fischer B, Lazarev S, Obukhov Y, Schlage K, Skopintsev P, Wagner J, Waldmann F, Willing S, Zaluzhnyy I, Wurth W, Vartanyants IA, Rohlsberger R, von Zanthier J
Journal: Nature Physics
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 14
Journal issue: 2
Pages range: 126-129
ISSN: 1745-2473


The advent of accelerator-driven free-electron lasers (FEL) has opened new avenues for high-resolution structure determination via diffraction methods that go far beyond conventional X-ray crystallography methods(1-10). These techniques rely on coherent scattering processes that require the maintenance of first-order coherence of the radiation field throughout the imaging procedure. Here we show that higher-order degrees of coherence, displayed in the intensity correlations of incoherently scattered X-rays from an FEL, can be used to image two-dimensional objects with a spatial resolution close to or even below the Abbe limit. This constitutes a new approach towards structure determination based on incoherent processes(11,12), including fluorescence emission or wavefront distortions, generally considered detrimental for imaging applications. Our method is an extension of the landmark intensity correlation measurements of Hanbury Brown and Twiss(13) to higher than second order, paving the way towards determination of structure and dynamics of matter in regimes where coherent imaging methods have intrinsic limitations(14).

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Bhatti, Daniel
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Optik)
Classen, Anton
Professur für Experimentalphysik
Mehringer, Thomas
Institut für Optik, Information und Photonik
Schneider, Raimund
Professur für Experimentalphysik
von Zanthier, Joachim Prof. Dr.
Professur für Experimentalphysik

External institutions with authors

Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY
Russian Academy of Sciences / Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (RAS)
Universität Hamburg

How to cite

Schneider, R., Mehringer, T., Mercurio, G., Wenthaus, L., Classen, A., Brenner, G.,... von Zanthier, J. (2018). Quantum imaging with incoherently scattered light from a free-electron laser. Nature Physics, 14(2), 126-129. https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/NPHYS4301

Schneider, Raimund, et al. "Quantum imaging with incoherently scattered light from a free-electron laser." Nature Physics 14.2 (2018): 126-129.


Last updated on 2018-06-08 at 14:09