Artistic Migration and Cultural Transfer: Ticino / Tessin as a Center of Excellence for European Architecture

FAU-eigene Forschungsfinanzierung: EFI / ETI / ...

Details zum Projekt

Sarah Lynch, Ph.D.

Beteiligte FAU-Organisationseinheiten:
Lehrstuhl für Kunstgeschichte

Projektstart: 01.07.2019
Projektende: 30.06.2020

Abstract (fachliche Beschreibung):

Goal: Beginning
in the 15th century, architects from the Italian-speaking region of
Switzerland, Ticino (Tessin), played a crucial role in the history of
European architecture. These figures operated in family networks across
Europe, from Portugal to Russia, and they were frequently the first
architects to bring the new Renaissance style to regions outside of
Italy. Their migration was an important factor in the
professionalization of architecture in the early modern period, that is,
the slow development of architecture from a guild craft to a liberal
art divorced from manual labor. However, the phenomena of Ticinese
migrations and expertise in architecture, and their impact on European
architectural culture, are poorly understood. Early studies generally
portrayed the Ticinese as bearers of Renaissance architecture to regions
that were slow to develop without examining the role of local
architects. More recent analyses have focused on individual case
studies, for example the Cantone family, who worked in Liguria or the
Porri family in Silesia and Mecklenburg, but have generally interpreted
these figures as mere executors of the ideas of their patrons rather
than experienced experts in architectural design. Scholars have not yet
addressed the larger questions of why Ticino became such a ‘center of
excellence’, how this migration impacted the regions where these
architects worked, and the role of Genoa, which served effectively as a
‘jobs center’ for Ticinese architects, from which they could find
employment across Europe. This project takes a larger view of Ticinese
artistic migration in order to examine these architects’ role in
European architectural history and explore issues of cultural transfer
and architectural professionalism in the 16th century, the period that
oversaw the rise of mass Ticinese migration and coincided with profound
changes in style (from Gothic to Renaissance), as well as fundamental
changes in traditional architectural guilds.

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-09-09 um 17:52