Epistemologie des Unsichtbaren -- Maoistische Wissenschaftsphilosophie in der Retrospektive

Eigenmittelfinanziertes Projekt


Details zum Projekt

Projektleiter/in:
Prof. Dr. Marc Matten

Projektbeteiligte:
Renée Krusche

Beteiligte FAU-Organisationseinheiten:
Professur für die Zeitgeschichte Chinas

Projektstart: 15.03.2017
Projektende: 15.10.2018


Abstract (fachliche Beschreibung):


During the early People’s Republic of China (PRC) era the science dissemination campaign (kexue puji)
aimed at conveying not only scientific knowledge related to daily life
concerns but also knowledge about invisible dangers, most prominently
those emanating from weapons of mass destruction such as nuclear
weapons. The immediate task of the young PRC after the outbreak of the
Korean War in 1950 was to make nuclear radiation visible by iconic
metaphors and to teach the population about the dangers of an invisible
nuclear fallout should the United States decide to use nuclear weapons.
By focusing on the most characteristic media in science dissemination of
the 1950s such as the Newsletter of Science Dissemination (Kexue puji tongxun), as well as popular science journals such Science Pictorial (Kexue huabao) and Knowledge Is Power (Zhishi jiushi liliang),
this article shows how the state used metaphors of the invisible to
influence social and political behavior. Convincing the barely literate
peasant and the inchoately educated worker of possible dangers in the
Cold War required a different epistemology of knowledge than in
traditional society. This resulted in a further refinement of Maoist
science philosophy that integrated materialism into science policies.


Publikationen

Matten, M. (2018). Coping with Invisible Threats: Nuclear Radiation and Science Dissemination in Maoist China. East Asian Science, Technology and Society, 3, 1-22. https://dx.doi.org/10.1215/18752160-6976023
Matten, M. (2018). "Do not Fear the Future! The Legacy of Confucian Optimism in Modern China: A Response to 'Science Fiction in North and South Korea'". East Asian Science, Technology and Society, 12(3), 327-329. https://dx.doi.org/10.1215/18752160-6976164

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-12-04 um 11:28