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@article{faucris.254739637,
abstract = {This paper presents a method to calculate the exact average block error probability of some random code ensembles under maximum-likelihood decoding. The proposed method is applicable to various channels and ensembles. The focus is on both spherical and Gaussian random codes on the additive white Gaussian noise channel as well as binary random codes on both the binary symmetric channel and the binary erasure channel. While for the uniform spherical ensemble Shannon, in 1959, argued with solid angles in N-dimensional space, the presented approach projects the problem into two dimensions and applies standard trigonometry. This simplifies the derivation and also allows for the analysis of the independent identically distributed (i.i.d.) Gaussian ensemble which turns out to perform better for short blocklengths and high rates. Moreover, a new lower bound on the average block error probability of the uniform spherical ensemble is found. For codes with more than three codewords, it is tighter than the sphere packing bound, but requires exactly the same computing effort. Furthermore, tight approximations are proposed to simplify the computation of both the exact average error probability and the two bounds. For the binary symmetric channel and the binary erasure channel, bounds on the average block error probability for i.i.d. random coding are derived and compared to the exact calculations.},
author = {MÃ¼ller, Ralf},
doi = {10.1109/TCOMM.2021.3052539},
faupublication = {yes},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Communications},
keywords = {AWGN; AWGN channels; binary symmetric channel; block error probability; Channel coding; Error probability; finite blocklength; low-latency communications; Maximum likelihood decoding; maximum-likelihood decoding; Measurement; random coding; sphere packing; Standards; Tools},
note = {CRIS-Team Scopus Importer:2021-04-09},
peerreviewed = {Yes},
title = {{On} {Approximation}, {Bounding} & {Exact} {Calculation} of {Average} {Block} {Error} {Probability} for {Random} {Code} {Ensembles}},
year = {2021}
}