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@article{faucris.233083165,
abstract = {We study resource allocation algorithm design for energy-efficient communication in an orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) downlink network with hybrid energy harvesting base station (BS). Specifically, an energy harvester and a constant energy source driven by a non-renewable resource are used for supplying the energy required for system operation. We first consider a deterministic offline system setting. In particular, assuming availability of non-causal knowledge about energy arrivals and channel gains, an offline resource allocation problem is formulated as a non-convex optimization problem over a finite horizon taking into account the circuit energy consumption, a finite energy storage capacity, and a minimum required data rate. We transform this non-convex optimization problem into a convex optimization problem by applying time-sharing and exploiting the properties of non-linear fractional programming which results in an efficient asymptotically optimal offline iterative resource allocation algorithm for a sufficiently large number of subcarriers. In each iteration, the transformed problem is solved by using Lagrange dual decomposition. The obtained resource allocation policy maximizes the weighted energy efficiency of data transmission (weighted bit/Joule delivered to the receiver). Subsequently, we focus on online algorithm design. A conventional stochastic dynamic programming approach is employed to obtain the optimal online resource allocation algorithm which entails a prohibitively high complexity. To strike a balance between system performance and computational complexity, we propose a low complexity suboptimal online iterative algorithm which is motivated by the offline algorithm. Simulation results illustrate that the proposed suboptimal online iterative resource allocation algorithm does not only converge in a small number of iterations, but also achieves a close-to-optimal system energy efficiency by utilizing only causal channel state and energy arrival information. © 2002-2012 IEEE.},
author = {Ng, Derrick Wing Kwan and Lo, Ernest S. and Schober, Robert},
doi = {10.1109/TWC.2013.052813.121589},
faupublication = {yes},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications},
keywords = {Energy harvesting; green communication; non-convex optimization; resource allocation},
note = {CRIS-Team Scopus Importer:2020-02-03},
pages = {3412-3427},
peerreviewed = {Yes},
title = {{Energy}-efficient resource allocation in {OFDMA} systems with hybrid energy harvesting base station},
volume = {12},
year = {2013}
}